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Common Eye Disorders

Most people have eye problems at one time or another. Some are minor and will go away on their own, or are easy to treat at home. Others need a specialist’s care.

Red Eyes

Red and bloodshot eyes have many causes, including infection, inflammation, allergy, broken blood vessels and trauma. Your eye’s surface is covered in blood vessels that expand when they’re irritated or infected. That gives your eyes the red look.

Eyestrain can do it, and so can a late night, a lack of sleep, or allergies. If an injury is the cause, get it checked by your eye doctor.

Itchy Eyes

Almost all eye itching is caused by some sort of allergy. Very often, mild itching can be helped with over-the-counter lubricating eye drops. More severe itching may need extra help, such as oral antihistamines or prescription eye drops.

If your eyelids are red and inflamed, you could have blepharitis. Make sure you visit your eye doctor to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

Blurred Vision

If you have some minor blurring that comes and goes, this could mean tiredness, dryness or eye strain. Keep in mind that many eye conditions can cause some blurred vision, including pink eye, allergies, dry eyes and even a lot of near vision work.

If you have blurred vision that happens suddenly and persists, consider this an emergency and you should see your eye doctor as this might indicate a more serious problem.

Puffy Eyes

Puffy eyes occur for many reasons, including inherited facial features, allergies, stress, eye fatigue and individual skin characteristics such as texture.

Ordinary swelling around the eyes means you have an excessive accumulation of fluids, called edema, in surrounding skin tissue. Because the skin around the eyes is the thinnest skin in the body, swelling and discoloration can be quite prominent.

To find the best solution for puffy eyes it's important to identify the underlying cause. If you’re not sure see your eye doctor.

Burning Eyes

Burning eyes can have several possible causes, ranging from the simple to the complex, and the burning sensation can occur with or without other symptoms such as itching, eye pain, watery eyes or discharge.

Frequently, burning eyes are caused by unavoidable environmental influences, such as high pollen counts. However, similar sensations can be symptoms of a more serious eye problem that requires medical attention. To select appropriate treatment, it's important to find the cause of your burning eyes. If you’re not sure see your eye doctor.

Eye Pain

Eye pain can be sharp or dull, internal or external, constant or intermittent, stabbing or throbbing. Generally, if you have eye pain along with redness, you should consider this an emergency and either see your eye doctor or go to an emergency room or urgent care center right away.

Constant eye pain, especially when moving your eyes or gently pushing on your eyes, can sometimes indicate an inflammation of some of the inner eye parts. This means you should try and see your eye doctor as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment.


Most spots and floaters are normal. They are caused by bits of protein and other tissue embedded in the clear, gel-like material (vitreous) that fills the inside of the eye. As we age, the vitreous becomes more fluid and these thread-like strands and shapes move more easily within the vitreous, which makes them more noticeable. Also, the vitreous can separate or detach from its connection to the retina, causing additional floaters.

But some floaters, especially when accompanied by flashes of light, can indicate something serious is happening inside your eye that could cause a detached retina. Most retinal detachments can be helped if treated soon.

Foreign Objects

Not everything that gets in your eye is serious. If you know it's just a piece of dust that's irritating your eye, you can try rinsing it with saline solution or using lubricating eye drops. If you are able, try turning your eyelid inside out to see if you can dislodge the particle.

Don't rub your eye or attempt to remove whatever is in there as you could cause more damage. If none of these remedies work then you should plan to see your eye doctor.

For more information on Common Eye Disorders visit Allaboutvision.com
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